Russia in brief

Russia – the largest country on Earth considering its surface area – occupies the eastern part of Europe and the north of Asia spanning the country’s territory stretching for over 9,000 km into 11 time zones from east to west.

The country has world's longest land border which is around 60,000 km. Among the neighboring countries are Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, North Korea, Japan and the U.S.

Due to its long history of invasions and territory occupations, Russia has a rich cultural heritage (23 UNESCO World Heritage Sites and 40 UNESCO biosphere reserves) and is definitely proud of the natural beauty represented on its vast territory -  national parks and nature reserves, steep valleys and magnificent mountains, an extensive coastline, thousands of rivers and millions of lakes, among the later are the Vollga, the longest river in Europe and Lake Baikal, the world’s deepest, oldest and purest fresh water lake.

Russia is a federation and semi-presidential republic with its President Vladimir Putin as the head of state and Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev as the head of government.

Today the Russian Federation consists of 85 federal subjects, all of them having their constitutions or charters, or legislations enacted by regional parlaments.

Russia has a population of 144,554,993 people (according to the census of 2016). The country’s capital and the largest city is Moscow with the population over 12 million people (2017). The second large city is St.Petersburg, the so-called “northern and cultural capital of Russia” which has the population of over 5 million people (2017).

The Russian Federation is a multi-national state with over 185 ethnic groups which are represented by 80% ethnic Russians and 20% of the population constitue Tatars, Ukrainians, Bashkirs, Chuvashs, Chechens and other nationalities, each of them comprising multiple religious communities: the majority of the population are Orthodox Christians, the rest belong to Roman Catholicism, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism and other religion groups.

Russia's enormous territory is an important determinant of its economic activity, some sources estimate that the country contains over 30 % of the world's natural resources. An abundance of oil, natural gas and precious metals as well as military products, such as air defence systems, ships and submarines comprise a highly valued exports market of Russia. The high concentration of high-tech internet and aerospace companies and the top-rated scientists and engineers graduated from the best country’s universities give a chance to rate Russia's economy as the 12th most innovative in the world.